What is IP (Internet Protocol)?

What is IP (Internet Protocol)?

24.4.2021 00:00:00 Writter by: Admin

"What is my ip address?" The concept of IP that he searches for is actually an identification number, ie a serial number. Every device that wants to use the internet network has an IP address.

Internet protocol addresses, or IP addresses as they are known, are the unique serial numbers used by devices on any network to recognize each other and exchange data using "TCP-IP", ie "Communication Control Protocol - Internet Protocol". We can say that your IP address is the identity of your device. These addresses or numbers also ensure that the information to be transmitted can be sent to the right places or to receive information from the right place. There are two types of internet protocols active today. These are IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 protocol is predominantly used around the world.

What Does an IP Address Do?
IP addresses are identification numbers that enable devices that want to connect to the Internet to recognize and communicate with each other on the network. Basically they provide data exchange.

These serial numbers, which technically ensure the security and accuracy of data exchange, are also used in cyber security issues. It also provides support for the marketing strategies of companies with the internet usage data it creates. Thanks to these serial numbers used for detecting and tracking criminals, it is possible to see the country, city and coordinates of the user by looking at the IP number.

Since these serial numbers are the projections of users on the Internet, the data obtained from these addresses are used for many different purposes. For the marketing strategies mentioned above, data such as how and when users use the internet is kept and turned into big data, and companies use this data to create their own strategies.

Types of IP Addresses
IP Addresses are available in two different types today. IPv4, which is among the standard internet protocols, consists of 32 bits. So it consists of four 8-bit numbers. These numbers vary between 0 and 255. Any address included in the IPv4 protocol is between the numbers "1.0.0.0" and "255.255.255.255". Approximately 4 billion different IP addresses can be created using this system.

Considering that this protocol will be insufficient, IPv6 protocol, which is considered to be an upper version, was developed. This protocol consists of 128 bits, which means almost unlimited IP addresses. It is also said that the encryption system is more reliable.

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